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  • 15 August 2023

How to make the leap into industry after a PhD

  • Spoorthy Raman 0

Spoorthy Raman is a freelance science and environment journalist in St. John’s, Canada.

You can also search for this author in PubMed   Google Scholar

Melanie Zeppel stepped off the academic path to become a data scientist in industry. Credit: Stephen Jackson

Plant physiologist Melanie Zeppel had heard that hard work, a good publication list and securing highly competitive postdoctoral research fellowships would guarantee a successful career in academia. Despite having it all, a faculty position eluded her for 12 years after her PhD.

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What to Do After PhD? – Pros and Cons of Pursuing Postdoc

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“Received my PhD. Where do I go from here? What to do after PhD?”—is one of the most common challenges for students who have recently graduated. So if you’re stuck at this point of deciding whether to go ahead with academia or switch to a non-academic career, you’re not alone! How do you plan on taking what you have learned in your PhD and capitalize on it? How do you start your new career or use your PhD to take the next step in your existing one?

What to Do After PhD?

After having spent endless hours conducting your research and passing up enjoyable opportunities to complete your dissertation, you have finally attained the coveted doctorate degree. It’s a remarkable feat! But one struggle that holds on to you is—what do you do now that you’ve finished your PhD?

Be it from your seniors at the university or just having heard it from scholars in your field, one thing you may have realized is that tenure-track positions in academia are hard to come by.  Despite the “default” propensity of PhD graduates pursuing academic research positions, they’re now moving beyond it. Additionally, an uncertain future in academia is a factor of concern amongst all. Here we shall discuss what to do after PhD?—and focus on the pros and cons of pursuing postdoc to make a calculated decision.

Should I Pursue Postdoc?

Navigating through the career waters after PhD can be quite treacherous. Moreover, with the job market in academia being intensely competitive, even students with excellent academic caliber aren’t assured of getting a position.

While the competition is persistent, doing a postdoc is becoming a prerequisite for a successful career. However, your zeal and confidence of wanting to stay in academia can take you a long way. The preliminary postdoc benefits to consider while applying for postdoc are:

  • Additional time to expand your research through funding.
  • Publish more research work to support or expand your research conducted during Phd.
  • More opportunities for networking and collaboration.

Pros of Pursuing Postdoc

While the answer to “What to do after postdoc?” can vary for every researcher depending on their interests, the undeniable benefits of a postdoc position can’t be overseen.

1. Career Development Prospects:

Pursuing career as a postdoc fellow allows you an extended period to work on your research after your PhD. Furthermore, it offers you more flexible opportunities to leverage laboratory facilities than you could during your PhD. It allows you to travel freely for conferences, which lead to meeting scholars from your field and making newer professional connections. Additionally, a postdoc fellow gets opportunity to upskill themselves in their research field and allied domains.

2. Advanced Research Opportunities:

Given the immense value that a postdoc position poses, it opens doors to newer research opportunities. This is not just restricted to independent research but also to collaborative research. Consequently, due to lesser teaching and administrative responsibilities, it will provide you with time to publish more research work. Additionally, it allows you to revise your project cycle, begin a new project, and gain expertise in a given subject. Furthermore, it lets you collaborate with international researchers to work on similar projects. More importantly, as a postdoc your chances of receiving grants increases based on your success as a researcher during PhD.

 3. Technique Development Opportunities :

As a postdoc fellow, you have more time to acquire new technology and research skills. In addition, it lets you gain experience in allied fields that you work in with your colleagues. This leads to an excellent opportunity to perfect your distinctive set of skills and learn advanced techniques in growing times.

4. Intellectual Development:

A postdoc fellowship is a distinguished phase in your career to focus exclusively on your intellectual development. Moreover, it is an important and most influential part of your research training. Therefore, choosing a postdoc can bolster your ability to pursue an advanced and successful research career.

Cons of Pursuing Postdoc

Despite the impressive benefits, considering the flip side of pursuing a postdoc position is imperative before taking the big decision.

1. No Tenure-track Guarantee

The uncertain career prospects in academia does not guarantee a tenure-track position even after completing your postdoc. According to a survey, only 30% of postdocs in the United States, and 20% postdocs in the United Kingdom succeed in acquiring a long term academic position. Moreover, some even have to climb through a series of postdoc positions before reaching a stable academic position. This predicament often leads many postdocs to quit academia and move to an industrial career.

2. Lack of Support

As postdocs are expected to work as an independent researcher, they often receive little to no professional advice or training from experienced researchers at the university. On the contrary, some institutions take advantages of the postdoc fellow as a teaching or researching captive. Furthermore, you may also experience poor working conditions as a result of being neglected by your department and surviving postdoc position becomes difficult.

3. Monetary Challenges

One of the major disadvantages of pursuing a postdoc position is meager salaries. The financial situation of postdoc fellows is so critical that an assistant professor is paid more than them, although fractionally, but yes!

4. Over-qualification

After struggling to acquire a stable academic position, postdocs often try to switch to industrial jobs. In this process, it is found that postdocs are over-qualified for industrial jobs and have to begin from scratch in the new field.

It’s undoubtedly a great feat to have successfully defended your PhD dissertation. How do you decide? What to do after PhD? What do you choose? Let these pros and cons help you in taking a well thought out decision. Tell us how this article helped you in the comments section below! You can also visit our Q&A forum for frequently asked questions related to different aspects of research writing and publishing answered by our team that comprises subject-matter experts, eminent researchers, and publication experts.

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Life after phd: what are your options, published by steve tippins on april 20, 2019 april 20, 2019.

Last Updated on: 3rd June 2022, 04:35 am

Congratulations, you completed your doctoral degree. It has been years in the making and now you are there. This is a time to relish what you have done and congratulate yourself. It’s also a time to consider what your next steps are.

While you may have started your PhD program with future goals in mind, chances are you forgot that life after PhD existed. But now you’re here, and it’s time to consider what to do. So what are your next steps? What comes after you get your PhD?

Personal Life After PhD

I deliberately put this section first. Mostly because, while pursuing a PhD, many people forget that they can have a personal life. Now that you’ve completed your PhD, it’s time to consider what you want your life to look like. Unless you want it to look the same as it did during your PhD program, I recommend taking some time to find yourself again as a whole person, separate from your PhD program. Here are my recommendations.

You did it. This goal has probably been on the horizon for years. Many people think about completing a doctorate well before they enter a program. Then there is coursework and a dissertation to write. You have sacrificed a great deal to get to this point. Take some time for you now to celebrate.  

Thank those who helped you get here . Take yourself and those who were part of the journey out for a celebratory meal. Perhaps there is a trip that you have been putting off until this moment? I have seen a lot of t-shirts lately that say “Phinished.” Let your pride show.

You have been hard at work on this degree for years. Once you have celebrated, it’s time to take stock of where you are and what you want to do. It may be much different than when you entered your program.

So, take a moment to breathe. Look around you (literally and figuratively) to see what things look like now. Learn to take time to do nothing. This can be very challenging for people who have been so dedicated to the accomplishment of a goal, but it is essential if you are to have space to figure out your next steps.

Find Yourself Again

Remember how you used to like to  _______ (insert your favorite activities here)? Now you can go back and find these things again and maybe get involved in new things. No need to feel guilty any longer for taking time for yourself.

Professional Life After PhD

multicultural business team in a conference room all looking towards the camera

After you have paused to congratulate yourself and breathe a little I encourage you to jump into the possibilities that await you. Not only have you accomplished a major milestone, you have used and developed many skills to get here. Use everything that you have learned to show the world what you can do. How do you do this? Here are some of your options.

You wrote a dissertation, let people know what you found. Make your document into at least one publication. Not only did your dissertation get you across the finish line, but it is also an asset. You worked hard to create a solid document. Make the most of it and add to your academic credibility by publishing in an academic journal.

Also, start pursuing some of the other research areas that interest you. While working on your degree you probably came across a number of interesting ideas that you had to put aside to reach your goal. Now that you have achieved your goal, you can explore. Dig into those topics that piqued your interest. Use those academic chops, flex your research muscles. Life after PhD doesn’t necessarily have to be any less academically rigorous if that’s what you enjoy.

Teaching can be a rewarding profession. If you feel this is your calling, consider the following questions: Do you want to teach full time or part time? Would you rather teach online or in a classroom? Are you committed to one geographic location or are you able to relocate? Each area offers various opportunities.

If this is the path you want to pursue, work on creating a CV (curriculum vitae) that fits the standards of your discipline. You will also usually submit documents covering your teaching philosophy, a list of references, research agenda, and copies of teaching reviews. If you get a campus visit interview, you will most likely need to prepare a presentation about your research and may be asked to teach a class. Tip: you can base your presentation on your dissertation defense.

african american professor writing on a whiteboard

Remember to ask for advice from those who have been there before. Get acquainted with norms. Your professors and advisors are an excellent resource to help you prepare for this, as are my career coaching services .

To find a teaching job, take a look at the Chronicle of Higher Education . The Chronicle posts academic jobs every day. You can also check out HigherEdJobs which has jobs that may not make it to the Chronicle.

If you’re interested in teaching online, take a look at my article about where to find online professor jobs , which includes a list of online universities that are currently hiring.

Jobs Outside of Academia

There may be alternatives to teaching or working in academia. Speaking at conferences, consulting, and getting a promotion or a new job all may be options you want to pursue. Having a PhD means you are part of a small and coveted group outside of academia–use this to your advantage.

If this is the path you want to take, you will need to have a resume and to be ready to answer all kinds of questions. Take the time to update your resume after finishing your PhD, adding relevant new accomplishments and experience besides the degree itself.

Remember to highlight the unique strengths and skills that completing your PhD program demonstrates you have. Remember that you are a member of a small group of people with an exceptionally useful skill set, and a degree to prove it. You have proven your capacity to innovate, learn, work with others, and work hard. Consider what lessons you learned from your PhD program that can apply to any professional setting, and highlight those.

Life After PhD: Summary

You have been through a lot. Late nights, a few tears, lots of work, and maybe even a few laughs. Now you have finished and have completed your doctorate. Congratulate yourself and thank those who helped you.

Take a little time to savor your accomplishment and then chart a path forward. During your journey you planted many seeds, now it is time to let all of them grow. Life after PhD may be even more rewarding than you imagined.

PS. Need some help figuring out life after PhD? I offer career coaching services for postdoctoral graduates.

Steve Tippins

Steve Tippins, PhD, has thrived in academia for over thirty years. He continues to love teaching in addition to coaching recent PhD graduates as well as students writing their dissertations. Learn more about his dissertation coaching and career coaching services. Book a Free Consultation with Steve Tippins

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Career paths after a PhD

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Career paths after a PhD

Have you completed your PhD? Congratulations! This is a great achievement. You are part of the world’s 1% of the population with a PhD (Coldron, 2022).

If not, maybe, you are thinking about doing a PhD and are considering if it is the right step for you. If you are looking into your future career, asking yourself what you want to do afterwards is important.

So… what happens after a PhD? What could your next adventure be? Would you like to stay in academia? Would you like to try other paths?

Although the most common direction for PhD graduates is academia, it is not the only one.

  • Only 30% of PhD graduates end up in academia three years on ( HEPI, 2020 )
  • Other graduates transition into industry, the public or charity sectors, education or become entrepreneurs ( University of Toronto, 2016 ).

It is up to your interests and the opportunities you take to make your talents shine.

In this blog, we touch on three paths: a postdoc , working in industry and becoming an entrepreneur . Consider these options if the next stage of your career is still unclear.

Career paths after a PhD :

What is a postdoc .

A scientist in a lab

The most common milestone in an academic career after a PhD is doing a postdoc. This is a period in which you are expected to manage your own career development.

In what sense? Well, you should be proactive and take steps to become an independent researcher ( KU Leuven, 2022 ). This includes:

  • setting up and managing a research project to achieve certain objectives
  • sharing your expertise with others through teaching, supervising and outreach activities
  • taking part in effective collaborations

Research During a postdoc you can develop the skills to design, develop, implement and adapt an extensive research project. This can be a project proposed by you or you can support an existing project or research group. The project can be small or large-scale, in which case you will also gain coordination skills.

Networking You are encouraged to create and extend a network of researchers and industrial partners. A way to do this is by participating in (international) multi-stakeholder projects or research stays abroad. Besides travelling, staying abroad can enhance your professional profile and enrich the scientific community you are part of. Other tasks you should be mindful of, if you choose to stay in academia, are writing papers as well as editing and submitting grant or funding applications.

Teaching The teaching requirements during the postdoc will vary depending on the institution you are working at. In some cases, teaching is not compulsory. In other cases, you are expected to teach a certain number of hours and balance it with your research time. Whichever the case, it is always advisable to carry out some teaching, grading or tutoring; this will enhance your CV, build up your experience and reinforce your knowledge.

Existing support As a postdoc, you should get support from a senior academic who will play the role of “host” and offer guidance. Be mindful of who you choose to work with. Is that person an expert in your field of interest? Are they interested in your project? Are you interested in their project or research group? Are your working styles compatible? As in the case of the PhD, having a good relationship with your supervisor can boost your research and even your career.

Is a Postdoc for you?

Go for it if you want to stay in academia and if you want to become an independent scientist.

How do you know if you want to be a scientist? Well, getting involved in academia can occur in different ways. For example, some people use the PhD or the postdoc as means to advance their career since they can move to different countries and meet different networks where they find better opportunities. In other situations, good students working closely with a professor or research group can be offered the opportunity to stay for longer projects doing a postdoc.

Alternatively, there are people who have always wanted to do research. In this case, a postdoc might be the best course of action since it allows you to consolidate your research skills and gain more experience. Just remember that a postdoc is for a short period of time, usually a couple of years, and afterwards, you might be competing for funding often. If financial stability is a priority for you, consider your options carefully.

after a phd

During the postdoc, you become aware of your capabilities and you realise how you can employ the skills you learned during the PhD for a personal project. “

Dr Jonathan J Huerta y Munive, Postdoc at the University of Copenhagen

Working in Industry


What are the options for a PhD graduate in the industry?

Positions for PhDs in the industry largely depend on the field of the PhD, and what skills and interests you cultivated. For example, PhDs in arts and humanities can be a good fit for the publishing industry, digital marketing, NGOs, charities or civil services. Moreover, STEM PhDs can find a place in pharmaceuticals, data science, consultancy, industrial chemistry, aeronautics, finance, or even software engineering, among others ( Bennett, 2022 ).

Is a path in industry for you?

The industry has a faster pace and is a different environment than academia. If you want a change of lifestyle, then working in industry might be for you. Another advantage is that in industry, contracts tend to be longer than a postdoc, which provides more financial stability.

How can I transition to industry?

If you want to make the change from academia to the industry you must focus on your strengths. During the PhD, you gained many skills that are highly transferable to the industry. Here are some of the top transferable skills you gain from a PhD ( Lantsoght, 2022 ):

  • Writing: After writing a thesis (and possibly journal papers or even blogs), your writing skills have been trained to be clear and concise. This comes in handy when reporting to someone, managing a team or for written communication in general.
  • Presenting: If during the PhD you presented your research to many audiences, you now have practice in translating complex information and insights into accessible language and format. Use this skill to express your thoughts clearly according to your audience and influence others, for example when building relationships with stakeholders.
  • Visualising information: Depending on your research, it is likely that you employed different visualisation techniques for your thesis and presentations. This experience to create and use clear visualisations is useful for reporting, presenting and management.
  • Time management: During the PhD, you learn to manage your time and prioritise tasks. You become capable of organising yourself and meeting deadlines. This is very useful for project management and supervising.
  • Analytical thinking : Being able to critically analyse a situation and solve complex problems is crucial in research, but also in businesses. Comparing solutions, deciding the best course of action and being able to see the big picture can provide a competitive edge to organisations.
  • Autonomy: During the PhD, you learn to be independent and proactive. You do not need someone to tell you what to do next or to give you a set to-do list. Many organisations appreciate it if you do not require a lot of supervision.
  • Teamwork: Depending on the nature of your research project, you might have come across teams that required your collaboration. For example, PhDs working in a laboratory or research group need to adapt to different opinions and working habits. These collaborations make you open-minded towards others and capable of creating productive relationships.
  • Resilience: The PhD is full of challenges (the lab equipment is not working, the participants of your study are not complying with the activities, your code does not run, your draft is rejected… you name it). As you overcome them, you persist in achieving your goals. Being able to recover from setbacks and coming up with new solutions is useful for business development.

These skills are valued by commercial employers and organisations who look for skilled staff (including the public and charitable sectors). They also set you apart from bachelor’s and master’s students, so make sure you take advantage of them.

Additionally, be mindful of your interests and look for matching positions. Research your potential employers and think about what they are looking for. Is this something you have or need to develop? Do the daily activities appeal to you? Do you like the working culture? You can find useful information about companies on LinkedIn, so we recommend you create and maintain your profile. Here are some tips for optimising your LinkedIn profile .



Self-employed PhD

As a PhD graduate, you become an expert in your field. It might not feel that way since you also become more aware of all you ignore. Yet, you still have more knowledge than most people. You can use this knowledge as a consultant within an organisation or independently. Alternatively, you can create your own business. It can be totally unrelated to your PhD or it can be the result of your research.

Creating a science spin-off company

It might be the case that your PhD research project can be employed to create new technology/drugs/methodologies with potential for commercialisation. In this case, creating a spin-off company might be something you can become interested in. Here is a list of 44 examples of spin-off companies in case you are looking for inspiration.

Is entrepreneurship for you?

Having a PhD does not necessarily mean you have an entrepreneurial profile. Although resilience, patience and the ability to work in teams are traits you can develop, entrepreneurs have to go the extra mile to influence and inspire others, while raising money and building trust and relationships ( Domayne-Hayman, 2020 ). If this is something you enjoy, then it can be a good path for you.

Things to consider

If you are thinking about creating a spin-off company from your research, consider the following points ( Domayne-Hayman, 2020 ):

  • Is your idea fit to work in the real world? How can you make it appropriate for fulfilling a market need? Remember to get feedback from potential users in the early stages.
  • How are you going to protect your idea? This will help you reassure investors that they will have a competitive advantage.
  • Is there any support at your institution for startups? Many universities have hubs or incubation centres.
  • Do you have any intellectual property obligations towards your institution? There are many cases in which the University has the intellectual property of research carried out within its boundaries. Revise your conditions.
  • Who will be your team? What is your leadership style? Make sure you are compatible with your team.
  • Who will fund your enterprise? Do research on the available kinds of investment (from venture capital to angel investors and supporting programmes at your institution)

In summary:

What do you think? Are any of these three options appealing to you? What do you want to do after your PhD? Let us know in the comments!

Many thanks to our Research Communicator, Phebe Bonilla, for writing this blog post.

  • Bennett, Mark (2022) Non-Academic Careers – Jobs for PhD Graduates . Consulted 20th June 2022.
  • Coldron, Alice (2022) How Rare (or Common) is it to have a PhD? Consulted 20th June 2022
  • Higher Education Policy Institute (HEPI) (2020) New report shows 67% of PhD students want a career in academic research but only 30% stay in academia three years on . Consulted 21st June 2022.
  • KU Leuven (2022) Charter of the postdoctoral researcher and the senior academic host . Consulted 16th June 2022.
  • Lantsoght, Eva (2022) Transferable skills from your PhD . Consulted 20th June.
  • University of Toronto (2016) 10,000 PhDs Project , School of Graduate Studies. Consulted 21st June 2022.
  • Domayne-Hayman, Barbara (2020) The four pillars of a successful science spin-off company , Nature. Career column. Consulted 21st June 2022.
  • 44 firms highlighted in The Spinoff Prize 2020 , Nature . Consulted 21st June 2022.
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How to set long-term career plans after a phd: 13 actionable tips  .

If you’ve just gotten your PhD, or even if you’re still working on it, now is a great time to think about your long-term career plans after a PhD. How will gaining a PhD fit within your career plan?

If you have long-term career goals in research, a PhD will obviously help prepare you for your future career since you will be participating in research as you pursue your PhD.

Table of Contents

Long-Term Career Plans After a PhD

When making long-term career plans, you should try to project at least the next five years. You may even want to go out ten years if you have big career goals. As Antoine de Sanit-Exupery once said, “ A goal without a plan is just a wish .”

Even if you don’t need a PhD for your desired career, you may find that your after-PhD salary will be high enough to justify the additional education. 

The Conversation  used data from a  national survey  to determine that those students who planned to get more education than necessary for their careers ended up earning 7% more than those who planned to get just the right amount of education for the job.

Tips for Long-Term Career Plans After a PhD

According to Alan Lakein, “ Failing to plan is planning to fail .” So, to be successful, you must plan. Here are some actionable tips to help you plan your long-term career.

1. Plan to change jobs quickly

You’ll likely start your career at the bottom of the ladder–in an entry-level position. The sooner you can move on from that entry-level position, the faster your salary will increase.

Try not to stay longer than a year or two in your first job and two to three years in successive jobs in order to maximize your after-PhD salary.

2. Plan to network your way to a better job

Build a strong LinkedIn profile and update it regularly. Engage with your contacts, especially those who work in companies you’d like to work for.

Having a contact on the inside can give you a huge boost when you’re looking for a new job.

3. Set a big career goal

Remember that “No one has ever achieved greatness without dreams ( Roy Bennett ).” Set a big goal and visualize yourself achieving it. Make this goal the culmination of your 5- or 10-year plan.

4. Consider industry jobs after your PhD

When making your long-term career plans after a PhD, think about the industry you want to be in at the end and try to start out in that industry.

You will be gaining industry experience as well as job experience, which will increase your chances of landing your dream job in the end.

5. Find an advisor or mentor

Check with your school to see if they offer academic advising or mentorship. Find an advisor or mentor who works well with you and ask them for help in planning your career.

6. Evaluate your network

Every year, evaluate your network to see where it is strong and where it is weak. Are there certain companies you want to work for where you have no contacts? If so, try to make contact with influential people within those companies.

7. Set up informational interviews

Informational interviews are interviews with an employee of a company you think you’d like to work for. These interviews give you a chance to learn more about the culture of the organization and determine whether you might be a good fit.

8. Join professional organizations

Often, you can use these memberships as networking tools to help you find and meet contacts within the industry. You may even be able to find local peers you can meet up with and form real-life friendships.

9. Attend conferences

Attending conferences for your industry or profession is a good way to meet new people and expand your network. Be sure to take plenty of business cards and exchange cards with everyone you meet.

Make an effort to follow up afterward by sending an email or DM to tell them you’re glad you had a chance to meet them at the event. If they include social media URLs on their cards, be sure to follow them there.

10. Attend networking events

You may find these through your university or through a professional organization.

Everyone who attends a networking event seeks to make new connections, so you’re in the right place for trying to find peers who work in your industry in a similar position, or even those who may be in a position to make hiring decisions.

11. Create a resume

Make sure to include any relevant experiences you’ve had, even if you haven’t worked at a job before.

Try to craft your resume so that it is targeted toward a specific position. As you gain work experience through the years, update your resume to add your most recent work experience.

12. Get a part-time job during school

If possible, get a job during school so that you’ll have some work experience to put on your resume when you’re ready to look for an entry-level job in your field.

Even working at McDonald’s part-time shows future employers that you have a goo d work ethic .

13. Avoid unpaid work

Unless it’s all you can find, avoid unpaid internships. Accepting these positions shows employers that you are willing to work for free, so they can get away with a lowball salary offer. If you feel that you must work for free to gain experience, volunteer for an organization you care deeply about.

PhD Career Plan Example

Here is an example career plan to give you an idea of what your long-term career plan after a PhD should look like.

Year One: Work an entry-level job for one year. Toward the end of the year, start looking for a position that is at least one step up from your current position:

Years Two and Three: Work in one job for two years. Toward the end of the second year at this new job, start looking for another job that is a step or two up the career ladder.

Years Four and Five: Work this new job for two years. Near the end of the second year, start looking for your next job. Try to get one step away from your ten-year career goal if possible.

Years Six, Seven, and Eight: Work in a job that is one step away from your ten-year career goal. Toward the end of year eight, start applying for the job you’ve been working toward.

Year Nine: Start working your dream job.

The above plan gives you nine years to reach your ten-year goal, but it may take a little longer than planned to find each new job. In that case, you’ll still be right on track to reach your 10-year goal in 10 years.

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  • Postdocs: The Definitive Guide
  • After a PhD

As soon as you step outside the world of academia, the number of people who know what a postdoctorate is, what they involve and how to secure one quickly plummets. Given that a postdoctorate can be a popular option, especially for Science and Technology-related PhD graduates, it’s essential to address this current gap in knowledge.

What Is a Postdoc?

A postdoc is only one of many paths you can take after having completed your PhD. A postdoc (also referred to as a postdoc or postdoctoral) can be best thought as a temporary position designed to refine your research and teaching skills while undertaking practical research work. Because of this, most regard a postdoc position as a temporary stepping stone for developing a career in a more permanent position.

There’s a common misconception that a postdoctorate is an advanced doctoral degree that is undertaken after having completed a PhD. This misconception arises from individuals associating the word “post” in “postdoctorate” with the word “after”. While you will learn a lot during your time in a postdoc position, it is nothing like a degree. There are no fees, coursework, exams or vivas to deliver (thankfully!). A postdoc is, in fact, a job, and as someone in a postdoc position, you will be considered an ‘employee’. And just like any other job, the position will come with its own salary, responsibilities, training and employers.

Most postdocs are awarded by universities or research institutes as temporary contracts. However, they can also be undertaken in private companies, non-profit charities or government bodies.

What Is The Purpose Of A Postdoc?

As mentioned above, the primary purpose of a postdoc is to help bridge the gap between your current skills and your current level of experience. Due to this, postdoctoral positions are popular amongst those who have recently obtained their PhD. This is especially true for individuals who which to pursue a career in academia or research but don’t yet have adequate experience in teaching or publishing.

For the ‘learning’ nature of this role, postdocs provide an excellent option for those to continue their self-development while pursuing research in a field they’re interested in.

What Does a Postdoc Do?

A postdoc works under the supervision of an experienced researcher known as a postdoctoral advisor. What you will do on a day-to-day basis will, therefore, depend on what they require support on at any given time.

While your responsibilities will depend on your postdoctoral advisor, you can expect the following duties as part of your role:

  • Contribute to the supervision of PhD students who are undertaking research projects in a closely related field.
  • Supporting the research team in managerial tasks related to planning, organisation and administration.
  • Undertake research, including but not limited to: qualitative data collection, data analysis and data and lab management.
  • Contribute to the production, review and dissemination of academic and non-academic writing, including publications.

Your responsibilities will also depend on who your postdoc position is with. Positions offered by universities will often place a high emphasis on the academic aspects of the role. This involves aspects such as working more independently, developing your supervisory and teaching capabilities, and improving your communication skills through participation in seminars and conferences. In doing so, they’re helping you to become an individual capable of both conducting research and transferring knowledge – in other words, a university lecturer!

The opposite is true for postdoc positions held in industry, such as a private organisation or government body. As you can expect, these roles will place almost all of its emphasis on conducting research and advancing projects forward, with little focus on anything that falls outside of this.

How Long Should I Be A Postdoc For?

There is no set rule for how long you should remain in a postdoc position. Regardless of this, most individuals stay within a postdoc position for between 2 to 4 years. During this period, it’s not uncommon to move between one or two postdoc positions, with one position being abroad for a more rounded experience.

The time you may choose to spend in a given postdoctoral position will depend on several factors. The most influential of these will be:

  • The size of the research project’s scope,
  • The support needs of the principal investigator/postdoc advisor,
  • The amount of funding available.

Although you could undertake a postdoctorate for a year or less, most will advise against this. This is simply because you will likely not have enough time to gain valuable experience associated with producing publications, writing research grant proposals and speaking at conferences. Although it may be possible to complete these within a single year, most researchers will opt for a minimum of two years for a single position. This will provide them with ample opportunity to contribute a significant amount to a project, publish a handful of papers and attend several conferences. On top of this, it will allow you to develop a deeper relationship with the students you help teach or supervise. This will prove invaluable experience should you plan on becoming a university lecturer .

How Are Postdoc Positions Funded?

Postdocs are usually funded in one of three ways:

  • The postdoc secures the funding themselves . This can be achieved in several ways, with the most common being applying to opportunities put out by government, research or charity bodies. Examples of these opportunities include the  NWO Talent Programme Veni  and the  Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellowship . Securing funding under any of these schemes will provide you with a ‘stipend’ (which acts as your salary), and ‘’research funds’ for enabling the project. It’s worth noting that if you secure funding in this way, you won’t typically be restricted to any one university. Although when applying to these opportunities you’ll be required to indicate where you intended to undertake your research, if successful, you can take your funding and associated research project to any university or research institution of your choice.
  • A Principal Investigator (PI) secures a research grant  for a project, part of which will go towards hiring one or more postdoctoral assistants. In these scenarios, the university will employ you to work on the project they gained funding for.
  • A research body hires postdoctoral assistants irrespective of any new funding . In these scenarios, the researching body, who could be anyone from universities to research centres, charities and private organisations, may put aside their own funds to secure a postdoc assistant as a regular salaried employee.

What is the Average Postdoc Salary?

It goes without saying that the average salary for a postdoc will vary from role to role, with factors such as your country, your employer and your level of experience being influential factors.

If working as a university employee, your salary as a postdoc will be determined via a set pay scale known as the “ HE single pay spine “. Under this pay spine, a postdoc can expect to earn an average of £31,000 per year, though, in reality, a postdoc’s salary can range between £29,000 to £34,800.

On the other hand, the stipend (which will act as your postdoc salary) associated with the funding you have secured yourself will directly depend on the opportunity you acquire. Because of the wide range of possibilities, your potential stipend can vary considerably. As well as having a high variance, they also tend to have a higher ceiling compared to the salaries associated with a PI’s research grant or a research body’s employment. For example, the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellowship can be worth over £50,000 per year. However, these types of fellowships are not only highly competitive but are also not an entirely fair comparison to postdoc assistant roles. This is due to the fact that a research fellow will be expected to have a greater amount of experience and to assume a higher level of responsibility than a regular postdoctoral researcher.

In case you’re thinking of working abroad, it would be useful to know that the median salary of a postdoctoral researcher in the United States is approximately $42,000 (£33,000 at the time of writing) per year.

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How Long Does It Take to Get a Ph.D. Degree?

Earning a Ph.D. from a U.S. grad school typically requires nearly six years, federal statistics show.

How Long It Takes to Get a Ph.D. Degree

after a phd

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A Ph.D. is most appropriate for someone who is a "lifelong learner."

Students who have excelled within a specific academic discipline and who have a strong interest in that field may choose to pursue a Ph.D. degree. However, Ph.D. degree-holders urge prospective students to think carefully about whether they truly want or need a doctoral degree, since Ph.D. programs last for multiple years.

According to the Survey of Earned Doctorates, a census of recent research doctorate recipients who earned their degree from U.S. institutions, the median amount of time it took individuals who received their doctorates in 2017 to complete their program was 5.8 years. However, there are many types of programs that typically take longer than six years to complete, such as humanities and arts doctorates, where the median time for individuals to earn their degree was 7.1 years, according to the survey.

Some Ph.D. candidates begin doctoral programs after they have already obtained master's degrees, which means the time spent in grad school is a combination of the time spent pursuing a master's and the years invested in a doctorate. In order to receive a Ph.D. degree, a student must produce and successfully defend an original academic dissertation, which must be approved by a dissertation committtee. Writing and defending a dissertation is so difficult that many Ph.D. students drop out of their Ph.D. programs having done most of the work necessary for degree without completing the dissertation component. These Ph.D. program dropouts often use the phrase " all but dissertation " or the abbreviation "ABD" on their resumes.

According to a comprehensive study of Ph.D. completion rates published by The Council of Graduate Schools in 2008, only 56.6% of people who begin Ph.D. programs earn Ph.D. degrees.

Ian Curtis, a founding partner with H&C Education, an educational and admissions consulting firm, who is pursuing a Ph.D. degree in French at Yale University , says there are several steps involved in the process of obtaining a Ph.D. Students typically need to fulfill course requirements and pass comprehensive exams, Curtis warns. "Once these obligations have been completed, how long it takes you to write your dissertation depends on who you are, how you work, what field you're in and what other responsibilities you have in life," he wrote in an email. Though some Ph.D. students can write a dissertation in a single year, that is rare, and the dissertation writing process may last for several years, Curtis says.

Curtis adds that the level of support a Ph.D. student receives from an academic advisor or faculty mentor can be a key factor in determining the length of time it takes to complete a Ph.D. program. "Before you decide to enroll at a specific program, you’ll want to meet your future advisor," Curtis advises. "Also, reach out to his or her current and former students to get a sense of what he or she is like to work with."

Curtis also notes that if there is a gap between the amount of time it takes to complete a Ph.D. and the amount of time a student's funding lasts, this can slow down the Ph.D. completion process. "Keep in mind that if you run out of funding at some point during your doctorate, you will need to find paid work, and this will leave you even less time to focus on writing your dissertation," he says. "If one of the programs you’re looking at has a record of significantly longer – or shorter – times to competition, this is good information to take into consideration."

He adds that prospective Ph.D. students who already have master's degrees in the field they intend to focus their Ph.D. on should investigate whether the courses they took in their master's program would count toward the requirements of a Ph.D. program. "You’ll want to discuss your particular situation with your program to see whether this will be possible, and how many credits you are likely to receive as the result of your master’s work," he says.

How to Write M.D.-Ph.D. Application Essays

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after a phd

Emmanuel C. Nwaodua, who has a Ph.D. degree in geology, says some Ph.D. programs require candidates to publish a paper in a first-rate, peer-reviewed academic journal. "This could extend your stay by a couple of years," he warns.

Pierre Huguet, the CEO and co-founder of H&C Education, says prospective Ph.D. students should be aware that a Ph.D. is designed to prepare a person for a career as a scholar. "Most of the jobs available to Ph.D. students upon graduation are academic in nature and directly related to their fields of study: professor, researcher, etc.," Huguet wrote in an email. "The truth is that more specialization can mean fewer job opportunities. Before starting a Ph.D., students should be sure that they want to pursue a career in academia, or in research. If not, they should make time during the Ph.D. to show recruiters that they’ve traveled beyond their labs and libraries to gain some professional hands-on experience."

Jack Appleman, a business writing instructor, published author and Ph.D. candidate focusing on organizational communication with the University at Albany—SUNY , says Ph.D. programs require a level of commitment and focus that goes beyond what is necessary for a typical corporate job. A program with flexible course requirements that allow a student to customize his or her curriculum based on academic interests and personal obligations is ideal, he says.

Joan Kee, a professor at the University of Michigan with the university's history of art department, says that the length of time required for a Ph.D. varies widely depending on what subject the Ph.D. focuses on. "Ph.D. program length is very discipline and even field-specific; for example, you can and are expected to finish a Ph.D, in economics in under five years, but that would be impossible in art history (or most of the humanities)," she wrote in an email.

Kee adds that humanities Ph.D. programs often require someone to learn a foreign language, and "fields like anthropology and art history require extensive field research." Kee says funding for a humanities Ph.D. program typically only lasts five years, even though it is uncommon for someone to obtain a Ph.D. degree in a humanities field within that time frame. "Because of this, many if not most Ph.D. students must work to make ends meet, thus further prolonging the time of completion," she says.

Jean Marie Carey, who earned her Ph.D. degree in art history and German from the University of Otago in New Zealand, encourages prospective Ph.D. students to check whether their potential Ph.D. program has published a timeline of how long it takes a Ph.D. student to complete their program. She says it is also prudent to speak with Ph.D. graduates of the school and ask about their experience.

Online Doctoral Programs: What to Expect

Ronald Wellman March 23, 2018

after a phd

Kristin Redington Bennett, the founder of the Illumii educational consulting firm in North Carolina, encourages Ph.D. hopefuls to think carefully about whether they want to become a scholar. Bennett, who has a Ph.D. in curriculum and assessment and who previously worked as an assistant professor at Wake Forest University , says a Ph.D. is most appropriate for someone who is a "lifelong learner." She says someone contemplating a Ph.D. should ask themselves the following questions "Are you a very curious person... and are you persistent?"

Bennett urges prospective Ph.D. students to visit the campuses of their target graduate programs since a Ph.D. program takes so much time that it is important to find a school that feels comfortable. She adds that aspiring Ph.D. students who prefer a collaborative learning environment should be wary of graduate programs that have a cut-throat and competitive atmosphere, since such students may not thrive in that type of setting.

Alumni of Ph.D. programs note that the process of obtaining a Ph.D. is arduous, regardless of the type of Ph.D. program. "A Ph.D. is a long commitment of your time, energy and financial resources, so it'll be easier on you if you are passionate about research," says Grace Lee, who has a Ph.D. in neuroscience and is the founder and CEO of Mastery Insights, an education and career coaching company, and the host of the Career Revisionist podcast.

"A Ph.D. isn't about rehashing years of knowledge that is already out there, but rather it is about your ability to generate new knowledge. Your intellectual masterpiece (which is your dissertation) takes a lot of time, intellectual creativity and innovation to put together, so you have to be truly passionate about that," Lee says.

Curtis says a prospective Ph.D. student's enthusiasm for academic work, teaching and research are the key criteria they should use to decide whether to obtain a Ph.D. degree. "While the time it takes to complete a doctorate is an understandable concern for many, my personal belief is that time is not the most important factor to consider," he says. "Good Ph.D. programs provide their students with generous stipends, health care and sometimes even subsidized housing."

Erin Skelly, a graduate admissions counselor at the IvyWise admissions consulting firm, says when a Ph.D. students struggles to complete his or her Ph.D. degree, it may have more to do with the student's academic interests or personal circumstances than his or her program.

"The time to complete a Ph.D. can depend on a number of variables, but the specific discipline or school would only account for a year or two's difference," she wrote in an email. "When a student takes significantly longer to complete a Ph.D. (degree), it's usually related to the student's coursework and research – they need to take additional coursework to complete their comprehensive exams; they change the focus of their program or dissertation, requiring extra coursework or research; or their research doesn't yield the results they hoped for, and they need to generate a new theory and conduct more research."

Skelly warns that the average completion time of a Ph.D. program may be misleading in some cases, if the average is skewed based on one or two outliers. She suggests that instead of focusing on the duration of a particular Ph.D. program, prospective students should investigate the program's attritition and graduation rates.

"It is worthwhile to look at the program requirements and the school's proposed timeline for completion, and meet current students to get their input on how realistic these expectations for completion are," Skelly says. "That can give you an honest idea of how long it will really take to complete the program."

Searching for a grad school? Access our complete rankings of Best Graduate Schools.

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Is it Worth Doing a PhD After a Master’s?

Yes/No buttons representing the decision about doing a PhD or not

Listen to one of our scientific editorial team members read this article. Click here to access more audio articles or subscribe.

Is it worth doing a PhD? It’s a long, financially modest commitment requiring self-motivation, but it can offer career advantages and personal growth. Not all careers require a PhD, so explore alternatives first. Choose your topic and supervisor wisely, and don’t do one for the sake of it.

Is it worth doing a PhD? This is a question that probably plagues every research student at some point in their career.

The decision to pursue a PhD after getting your Master’s degree is a difficult one. A PhD is a huge undertaking emotionally, mentally, and financially.

Considerations That Are True for Everyone Wanting to Do a PhD

It takes 3–4 years to complete, during which you are on a pretty basic stipend (OK, you’re poor).

You also need the ability to continually motivate yourself through the times when your experiments are not working (most of the time).

Oh, and you might not see as much of your friends and family as you would like, especially when you’re writing up your thesis.

People pursue PhDs for a variety of reasons: some know from the start that they want to run labs at a university, some feel pressured to go for the top degree in their field, some see it as a natural progression after receiving their Master’s, and some continue in academia because they just don’t know what to do next.

For all, it is a highly personal decision, but one that shouldn’t be taken lightly.

During my undergraduate degree, I had the opportunity to work in a research laboratory as part of a summer vacation scholarship.

The PhD student supervising me on a day-to-day basis gave me a really useful piece of advice: don’t do a Master’s or a PhD just for the sake of doing one . She encouraged me to thoroughly explore my options and not to merely drift into a postgraduate course just because I didn’t know what else to do.

So, is it worth you doing a PhD? The following questions might help you to decide.

1. Is it Worth Doing a PhD to Pursue Your Chosen Career Path?

Not every job requires a PhD for you to be successful. In fact, many do not.  If you are not planning to stay in academia long-term, then a PhD may be of no additional benefit to you. Picture the type of job you would like to have once you are finished with your education; our handy article lists some options .

Having a PhD might give you an edge over other candidates and help you secure a position, even if a PhD is not required for a particular job. However, it can also work against you, potentially making you overqualified and less likely to get the job.

Have a career discussion with as many people as possible to get different opinions and viewpoints. Try to talk to people who have chosen a variety of career paths. Also, talk to people who have done or are doing a PhD; their experience and insight can be invaluable.

2. Have You Explored Other Options?

For example, like gaining experience in industry or working in a laboratory as a research assistant or technician ?

It’s hard to make a clear-headed decision when you are caught up in the middle of things.  Sometimes it is better to take a step back and pursue an option without making a multi-year commitment.

Working as a research assistant in an academic laboratory for a year or so is a great way to figure out if you enjoy working in the academic environment and, more specifically, within a particular laboratory. This kind of experience should confirm if doing a PhD is right for you.

3. Have you Found a Supervisor and a Topic?

Remember that you’ll be committing to both the topic and the supervisor for 3-4 years!

A good PhD supervisor is worth their weight in gold, and finding a good mentor should be a priority. Furthermore, you need to be passionate about your research topic to motivate you during the tremendously tough times. Make sure you work on something you care about.

4. Do You Have Support from Family and Friends?

Talk to your support network, i.e. your friends and family. They are the ones you will rely on heavily while doing the PhD for emotional support (parents may also be a source of financial support).

If you are looking for further advice, make sure you check out our article with pointers for PhD students . Are you sure that a PhD is the right move for you? Search for PhDs in Biological and Medical Sciences to find the right PhD to suit you.

5. Can You Afford to Do a PhD?

Doing a PhD can be costly. There may be fees, and you’ll need to be able to live, so factor in rent, food, and bills too. Depending on where you live and plan on studying, you may be able to get a grant or stipend to help cover the costs.

If you are considering working on the side, note that this might not be feasible. Often PhD work is more than a full-time job, leaving you little room to earn on the side. That said, there might be options for paid work as part of your PhD—for example, as a teaching assistant (remember those helpful people during your lab practical? They were probably PhD students!).

In addition, you need to factor in what you’ll be missing out on compared with entering the workforce – you’ll most likely not be contributing to a pension or retirement fund or other benefits of a full-time job (e.g., health care).

You also need to consider that if you plan on leaving academia after a PhD, you may still be on an ‘entry-level’ salary and, therefore, several years behind where you could have been if you had not done a PhD.

Q. What are some common emotional or mental challenges that PhD students might face throughout their studies, beyond the practical considerations discussed in the article? A. Common emotional or mental challenges experienced by PhD students encompass more than just the practical aspects outlined in the article. These challenges may include feelings of isolation, imposter syndrome, burnout from intense workloads, and the pressure to produce original research amidst setbacks and failures. Q. How does the perceived value of a PhD differ across various industries or academic disciplines, and how might this impact an individual’s decision to pursue advanced research? A. The perceived value of a PhD varies significantly across different industries and academic fields. While some sectors highly prioritize advanced degrees for career advancement, others may place more emphasis on practical experience or specialized skills. Understanding this variability is crucial if you’re deciding whether to do a PhD, as it directly influences their career prospects and potential pathways post-graduation. Q. Can you provide more detail on the financial assistance options available for PhD students, such as scholarships or grants, and how these might alleviate the financial strain mentioned in the article? A. Financial assistance for PhD students can come in various forms, including: • Scholarships. • Grants. • Teaching assistantships. • Research assistantships. • Part-time jobs. These resources play a vital role in alleviating the financial burden associated with pursuing a PhD, such as tuition fees and living expenses. Exploring these options and understanding their availability can significantly impact a student’s decision-making process regarding the feasibility of undertaking doctoral studies.

Deciding Whether to Do a PhD In Summary

That’s my personal advice on deciding whether to do a PhD. In short, you’ll be financially poorer off in the short term, and completing a PhD can be  incredibly  straining.

However, if you want to pursue a career in academia, it’s basically a requirement. Plus, you will learn practical skills, make lifelong friends, and have a higher earning potential in some fields.

Did you fund yourself during your PhD, and if so, how? Did you find your experience of completing one rewarding, taxing, or both? Let us know in the comments section below.

Originally published November 13, 2013. Reviewed and updated in December 2020 and March 2024.

after a phd

How many years does it take to study PhD program

after a phd

I have a mater degree (LMHC). I want to purse my PH.D. I’ve been checking out some college . I’m not that old I’m in my early 40’s which still leaves me some time. The issue I’m having is paying for the PH.D, also locating a school that’s right for me.

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Teen earns doctoral degree at 17 after defending her dissertation

Dr. Dorothy Jean Tillman II was 10 when she entered college as a freshman.

A teenager from Chicago walked in her graduation ceremony this month after earning her doctoral degree at 17.

Dr. Dorothy Jean Tillman II was only 10 when she became a freshman at the college of Lake County, majoring in Psychology. In 2020, she earned her Master of Science from Unity College. She was accepted in 2021, when she was 15, into the Doctor of Behavioral Health Management Program at Arizona State University.

Teen who battled leukemia and homelessness as a child graduates college at 18

Speaking to "Good Morning America," Tillman said she has always held education in such high regard in part due to her family's background.

"People in my life like my grandmother, who was part of the Civil Rights Movement, she of course harped on the importance of education and consistently learning something always," Tillman said.

"But the way I always held education so high on my own, aside from being raised that way was finding different things to be educated about it doesn't just have to be all of the subjects that they teach you in school there's so many things in the world to learn about that we wish we knew about," she said. "I feel like that urge to learn something new just never didn't exist for me."

PHOTO: Dr. Dorothy Jean Tillman II and her professor Dr. Leslie Manson, a clinical associate professor at Arizona State University.

Tillman said, growing up, she had always felt drawn towards psychology and related fields.

"They've always made me so curious," she said. "And so grinding away, I could continue to study in that area. With even more that was attached to it. It was just really intriguing to me."

In December 2023, at 17, Tillman successfully defended her dissertation to earn her doctoral degree in integrated behavioral health from ASU's College of Health Solutions. On May 6, she walked at ASU's commencement ceremonies.

Tillman told "GMA" prior to the big day that she was feeling "so excited," just like any other student.

"I love having a reason to celebrate and throw a big soirée," she said. "Just that walk, and especially with people I haven't been there, seeing every day, since my program is online, it's just gonna feel really fulfilling to finish."

Dr. Leslie Manson, a clinical associate professor at ASU, told "GMA" that Tillman is the youngest person in school history to earn a doctoral degree in integrated behavioral health.

"It's a wonderful celebration, and we hope ... that Dorothy Jean inspires more students," Manson said, adding of Tillman, "But this is still something so rare and unique."

PHOTO: Dr. Dorothy Jean Tillman II officially walked at her graduation ceremony in May.

'Super dad' graduates with master's while working 3 jobs

Throughout Tillman's time at ASU, Mason said she saw her growth in gaining the skills of professional writing as well as leadership, noting that Tillman is "inquisitive" and "intelligent."

"She has innovative ideas and motivation, which is wonderful," Mason explained. "And truly, I think what is inspiring is that she embodies that meaning of being a true leader."

Mason added that "other students can really learn the piece of dedication" from Tillman.

"So that motivating energy, those are the pieces that I think other folks can really turn to and feel inspired about," she said. "That curiosity is always there. And I think all learners come with that. But it's great to be able to see it in someone so young as well."

Her inspiration and how she gives back to community

Tillman's journey to success wouldn't be made possible without the support from her mom whom she said is one of her biggest motivators.

PHOTO: Dr. Dorothy Jean Tillman II was only 10 when she became a freshman at the college of Lake County, majoring in Psychology.

"Seeing my mother consistently worked so hard to continuously uphold our family's legacy, and be that person that everyone was able to go to, if they needed anything... Always seeing [her] like [a] 'Wonder Woman' definitely made me want to grow up [into] an accomplished person," she said.

An advocate for education, Tillman is also the founder and CEO of the Dorothyjeanius STEAM Leadership Institute, where she runs programs like summer camps to help kids find balance between arts and STEM subjects.

"I feel like adding art and putting a focus on it throughout science, technology, engineering, and math, makes the kids excited to learn all those things," she said. "And it opens them up to all of the possibilities and all the knowledge provided in that area of just STEM."

PHOTO: Dr. Dorothy Jean Tillman II earned her doctoral degree in integrated behavioral health.

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As for her plans after graduation, Tillman said she is "just like any other teenager, still figuring out what my specific dreams and goals are."

"And I'm really just grateful that the world is my oyster, and that I've done so much so young. And I have time to like, kind of think that through," she said.

Discussing her advice to other youngsters, Tillman said she would remind them to be careful about being influenced on what they see on social media, noting that some posts "aren't real."

"There's a lot more to whatever it is than what you're seeing, you know, and so to always remember that is definitely important," she said. "And to always remember that everyone has points in their life where they feel like they're figuring it out…And so figuring things out, not knowing what you want, isn't a bad thing. But making the choice not to sit down and try to figure it out is."

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24/7 coverage of breaking news and live events

Arizona State scholar on leave after video of verbal attack on woman in hijab goes viral

An Arizona State University postdoctoral research scholar is on leave as the institution investigates his confrontation with a woman in a hijab that was captured on video, the school said Tuesday.

The confrontation happened Sunday during a pro-Israel rally just outside campus in Tempe. Viral cellphone video shows the scholar, Jonathan Yudelman, and another man, not identified, confront the woman, who was wearing a hijab.

It's not clear what happened before the video captures Yudelman facing off with the woman, but in the clip, he said, "I’m literally in your face — that’s right."

The woman backs away as Yudelman repeatedly advances, sometimes with his hands raised, and gets inches away from her.

"You’re disrespecting my religious boundaries," the woman says.

"You disrespect my sense of humanity, b----," Yudelman says back.

Arizona State University research scholar Jonathan Yudelman.

In a statement, the Arizona chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations condemned the incident, calling for "law enforcement to arrest Arizona State University (ASU) professor Jonathan Yudelman for allegedly harassing and assaulting a Muslim woman in a hijab during his participation in a pro-Israel protest near campus."

"Such behavior is not only discriminatory but also violates the fundamental principles of academic integrity and respect for diversity that professors should uphold inside and outside of the classroom," said Azza Abuseif, executive director of the chapter, who called on ASU to fire Yudelman.

On Tuesday, the university responded to the video and criticism of Yudelman.

"ASU is aware of the allegations against Jonathan Yudelman and is investigating them," it said in a statement. "Dr. Yudelman is on leave and will remain so pending the outcome of the investigation."

Yudelman did not respond to requests for comment sent to his ASU email address and through contacts at other institutions he has been affiliated with recently.

NBC affiliate KPNX of Phoenix interviewed Yudelman before the confrontation. He described pro-Palestinian protests at universities across the country as "campuses being taken over by supporters of terrorism" and decried what he described as "Jewish students' being intimidated."

"It was important to come out and make a statement for the community," he said.

A campus rabbi who advises students who organized the pro-Israel rally and who spoke at the event didn't immediately respond to a request for comment. One of the student groups that organized the event Sunday, Chabad at ASU, also didn't respond.

The university's Students for Justice in Palestine chapter also didn't immediately respond to a request for comment.

Yudelman is a scholar at ASU's School of Civic and Economic Thought and Leadership. The university listed him as teaching classes titled "Great Debates in American Politics" and "Great Ideas of Politics and Ethics."

He is also listed as an assistant professor of political theory in intellectual foundation at the University of Austin in Texas, and he has also held postdoctoral positions at Princeton, Harvard and Baylor, according to his University of Austin biography .

"His current research focuses on early modern political theory, the idea of progress, sources of political authority, and the intersection of politics and religion," it says.

Yudelman is listed as being on the faculty of the Tikvah Fund , a nonprofit organization in New York City that promotes Jewish ideas and describes itself on its website as “politically Zionist, economically free-market oriented, culturally traditional, and theologically open-minded.”

A spokesperson for Arizona State said around 100 people attended Sunday's pro-Israel rally, which was in contrast to global protests and campus encampments critical of Israel's warfare in neighboring Gaza following Hamas militants' surprise attack on Israel on Oct. 7.

The spokesperson said one person not affiliated with the school was arrested and accused of spray-painting university property during a "pro-Palestine" rally the previous weekend.

after a phd

Dennis Romero is a breaking news reporter for NBC News Digital. 

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A dance of entanglements

14 May 2024

Graduation , Faculty of Creative Arts and Industries , Arts and culture

For most dancers, retirement is the first death. But PhD graduate Sarah Knox shows that life after working as a professional dancer can be just as rewarding, even transformational.

A woman smiling at the camera in her doctoral regalia.

When Sarah Knox was just two years old, she already knew she wanted to be a dancer.

“I used to run around the house saying ‘I want to dance! I want to dance!’” Sarah says. “I don’t know where I got the idea from, but what I do know is that I have an innate need to move my body and it made absolute sense to be a dancer.”

By the age of five, Sarah began her formative training in dance, which spurred her professional career. Before she joined the University, Sarah performed with renowned dance companies in Aotearoa, including Footnote New Zealand Dance, Black Grace and the New Zealand Dance Company. Sarah’s dance journey also took her to Japan, and beyond the stage to film and television. After 12 years as a professional dancer, she made the decision to retire.

“There’s a saying that dancers die twice,” says Sarah. “They die when they retire, and when they really die. For many people, being a dancer is their identity.”

But even after retirement, Sarah’s dance career lived on, just in a different form. Encouraged by friend and colleague Professor Rosemary Martin, Sarah returned to tertiary education to pursue a postgraduate diploma (PGDip) in dance studies.

“I never planned to teach, and I didn’t want to go to uni to study, but the PGDip totally transformed my life,” she says. “I fell in love with the university setting and the possibility that I could follow my interests.”

After completing her PGDip, Sarah progressed onto a masters degree and taught undergraduate students.

“I love teaching our students,” she says. “They’re full of ideas, both in life and energy. I also like other parts of my role too. I really enjoy doing a bunch of different things – which is why I love working here. I love teaching and I like doing research. And I like administration!” she laughs.

“I’m also able to engage a lot through some of my roles at the university, with recruitment in high school and local studios. I still am involved with the dance community in New Zealand.”

There's a saying that dancers die twice. They die when they retire, and when they really die. For many people, being a dancer is their identity. 

Teaching inspired Sarah’s doctoral studies, and although she has taught various facets of Dance Studies, it’s choreography that’s the focus of her PhD.

“In the university context we teach our students how to make choreography as a collaborative process,” explains Sarah. “As educators, it’s very interpersonal, peer to peer and relational between the teacher and student. But through my own experience I quickly learnt student choreography always begins to reflect their identity, and this is where entanglements happen between students’ creative aspirations and personal challenges, curriculum needs, and industry expectations for art making.”

Sarah’s thesis examines the complexities of teaching choreography in tertiary education as well as the role of identity. Supervised by Professor Ralph Buck (Head of Department, Dance Studies) and Dr Rebecca Weber, Sarah interviewed three female choreography educators.

“When interviewing these educators, and through my own experience, I found that female choreography educators are pushed outside the boundaries of teaching and learning,” says Sarah.

“In a way, we’re often positioned by students as mother figures or carers. And then suddenly we’re in the role of counsellor - it doesn’t happen as much in any other type of dance classes. And it’s not isolated to New Zealand.”

For Sarah, the process of writing her thesis was an emotional entanglement, which saw her working full-time in her role as a lecturer while also studying part-time.

“You don’t stop life while you’re doing a PhD,” she says wisely, “Your PhD isn’t this separate thing that happens in over there in parallel – it’s another tangle with life! I couldn’t have done it with the support of my supervisor Ralph Buck and my family. You really need that support.”

While her thesis is complete now and made it onto the Dean’s List for exceptional research, the journey itself was life changing. During her studies, Sarah became a mum. She also faced tragic losses.

“I lost my father early on in my doctoral journey, and later my partner’s parents also passed away. It feels like my thesis is haunted by these people who have been incredibly supportive throughout my dance journey, so it’s quite a big deal for me to graduate, and I know they would be really proud of me.”

When Sarah handed in her thesis, she remembers feeling a great sense of relief, as well as thoughts of ‘where to next?’

Now that she’s had a bit more time to reflect on the next chapter of her life, she’s gearing up for further research, with her PhD serving as a solid foundation.

“There are elements of my doctoral research that feel really meaningful in regard to the state of the world at the moment and how we support young people to actually be together,” says Sarah.

“That's always been what has driven my research – how do we support people to understand each other? How do we support people to be together? That’s what I care about the most and these questions, in the context of dance, remain a focus for my ongoing research.”

Story by Shreta Rayan

Media Contact 

Hussein Moses | Media Adviser M:  027 361 1000 E:

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Rutgers PhD student delivers dissertation hours after giving birth

In late March, Tamiah Brevard-Rodriguez had a plan leading up to her April 24 due date.

Coined “Operation Dissertation Before Baby,” the plan included Brevard-Rodriguez completing her dissertation and having her baby in time to celebrate graduation and the summer with family. In that order.

Brevard-Rodriguez’s dissertation presentation – for her doctorate at Rutgers Graduate School of Education – focused on the beauty pressures placed on Black college women while enrolled at predominantly White educational institutions.

But while she was in the middle of fine-tuning the dissertation early on March 25, things went decidedly off-plan.

After working for a few hours and lying down to get some rest, Brevard-Rodriguez’s water broke. While this was a happy moment, she was scheduled to deliver her dissertation that very day.

Tamiah’s wife, Alyza Brevard-Rodriguez, tried to calm her.

“I’ve witnessed her work so hard, tirelessly working on the presentation, a six-year program, a two-year study. I’m just like, ‘don’t let today be the day,’” Alyza told CNN. “I walk into the bathroom and I look at her and she is just shaking in tears. As much as I knew that this was a happy moment for the both of us, I can see the sadness on her that you know her day was possibly going to be ruined.”

They were planning to go to a birthing center, but their doula told them to get to the hospital quickly. Alyza helped Tamiah to the car and they sped down the highway in the dark, in what Alyza called a “race to the finish line.”

When Tamiah started to go into labor, Alyza worried they wouldn’t make it to the hospital in time for the baby’s birth. They didn’t. Tamiah had given birth in the car.

“When I looked over, she had the baby in her left hand and the umbilical cord in her right,” Alyza said.

They got to the hospital with baby Enzo. Doctors and nurses checked him out and cut his umbilical cord, joking that Tamiah “did all the hard work for us.” Now was the time to rest, but Tamiah still had a dissertation to present.

Alyza discussed possibly rescheduling the meeting with Tamiah’s mentor. However, Tamiah worried if they rescheduled, it wouldn’t happen in the time frame needed to graduate this year.

“As I was laying there, I was just thinking to myself, ‘I can do it,’” Tamiah recalled. “The baby’s here. Let’s just get this over with.”

And so she did. Alyza brought her clothes, laptop and a makeup bag.

“I took a nap, ate a meal and then I was ready to rock and roll,” Tamiah said.

As she logged onto her laptop from her hospital bed, the only person who knew about her delivery earlier that morning was her mentor. He didn’t want anyone to give her sympathy, so he kept quiet. For about twenty to thirty minutes, she gave a stellar presentation, Tamiah says. With the presentation over, she took down her Rutgers background on Zoom, revealing the hospital.

“Everyone was in complete shock,” Tamiah said.

Tamiah’s graduation ceremony is this Sunday, on Mother’s Day. She says she will celebrate with a dinner with family and friends. Alyza also finished her doctorate recently, and their daughter Aubriel is soon graduating from preschool.

“It’s incredible to uplift women and show how incredibly powerful they are,” Alyza said. “I hope that people really take away from this that women are strong and resilient, tenacious, ambitious grit and they can do anything.”

For more CNN news and newsletters create an account at

After giving birth, Tamiah Brevard-Rodriguez (right) took a nap, ate a meal and was ready to rock her defense presentation.

Christian Récher, MD, PhD - Practical Considerations for FLT3 Inhibitors in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia: Optimising Our First-Line Approaches With Current and Novel Therapeutics PeerVoice Oncology & Haematology Video

Visit to view the entire programme with slides. After completing “Christian Récher, MD, PhD - Practical Considerations for FLT3 Inhibitors in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia: Optimising Our First-Line Approaches With Current and Novel Therapeutics”, participants will be able to: Assess available safety and efficacy data from randomised clinical trials evaluating first- and next-generation FLT3 inhibitors in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML); Implement best practice approaches to using FLT3 inhibitors in practice, including selecting between therapeutics and utilising recommended dose schedules; and Formulate adverse event management strategies for patients with newly diagnosed FLT3-mutant AML receiving a FLT3 inhibitor, including monitoring and supportive treatment.

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Columbia University graduation ceremonies begin Friday after main commencement canceled

By Natalie Duddridge , Christina Fan

Updated on: May 11, 2024 / 10:31 AM EDT / CBS New York

NEW YORK - Columbia University graduation ceremonies started taking place Friday.

This year, Columbia will not be holding the planned main ceremony on the South Lawn of the Morningside Heights campus. Dozens of smaller ceremonies are being held instead. 

Columbia University decided to cancel its main commencement after weeks of pro-Palestinian protests and turmoil on campus . 

Despite bringing in the NYPD , officials cited security concerns, and instead offered students smaller school-level ceremonies where they will be honored alongside their peers.

Students on both sides were frustrated with how it was handled. Faculty members addressed the situation in commencement speeches Friday.

"Recent events on and around campus have not exactly been a PR bonanza for the academic campaign to win back hearts and minds, so to restore our credibility I think we're going to have to turn to you, who are about to go forth into the world and deploy what you have learned here," one faculty member said.

Graduates of Columbia's professional studies program thankful to have opportunity to celebrate

The first graduation took place without incident Friday morning at the Baker Athletics Complex in Inwood, the new location for the majority of the ceremonies. About 1,000 students from the professional studies program graduated. 

Graduates said it was a day of excitement, and also relief, that they still get to graduate with their peers in front of their loved ones. 

"At least we got one ceremony for our graduation," Jennifer Zhen said. 

"On campus would've been great, but this is better," Samik Jheadla said. 

"She was really nervous that it was going to get canceled. We were going to come regardless, but we are glad that it didn't," Adrianna Zuniga said. Her sister is graduating Friday. 

"Honestly, I would be lying if I said that I wasn't bummed about 15th of May commencement being canceled. But in the grand scheme of things, I think what was happening on campus was more important, and I stand with it," graduate Maniha Hashmi said.

"It is a little bit sad. I wanted a little bit more festivity considering how much money I've paying for the university, but they're trying to  make the best of it so I hope it's goes quietly and smoothly," graduate Amber Van Den Heuvel said. 

Professors and parents say this generation of students has been through a lot.

"He missed his graduation in Ireland because of COVID, so that's why we decided we'd come for this graduation," said Elaine Gallagher, the mother of one graduate.

Columbia University officials say a great deal of effort is being made to ensure the ceremonies remain safe and respectful. 

The series of ceremonies will run until next Thursday. Tickets are required to attend. 

Schedule of Columbia commencement ceremonies

Friday, May 10 • 8:30 a.m. - Professional Studies, Morning Ceremony | Baker Athletics Complex • 12:30 p.m. - Professional Studies, Afternoon Ceremony | Baker Athletics Complex • 4:30 p.m. - Social Work | Baker Athletics Complex • 5:30 p.m. - Columbia Climate School | The Forum

Saturday, May 11 • 8:00 a.m. - Business School, EMBA & PhD Candidates | Baker Athletics Complex • 11:30 a.m. - Business School, MBA | Baker Athletics Complex • Architecture, Planning and Preservation | St. Paul's Chapel

Sunday, May 12 • 8:00 a.m. - Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, PhD | Baker Athletics Complex • 10:00 a.m. - Baccalaureate Service | St. Paul's Chapel • 11:00 a.m. - Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, MA | Baker Athletics Complex • 3:00 p.m. - The Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science, Graduate Ceremony | Baker Athletics Complex

Monday, May 13 • 8:00 a.m. - Columbia School of General Studies | Baker Athletics Complex • 11:45 a.m. - The Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science, Undergraduate Ceremony | Baker Athletics Complex • 3:30 p.m. - Law School | Baker Athletics Complex • 7:30 p.m. - International and Public Affairs | Baker Athletics Complex

Tuesday, May 14 • 9:30 a.m. - Columbia College | Baker Athletics Complex • 10:00 a.m. - School of Nursing | The Armory • 10:00 a.m. - Physical Therapy | Alumni Auditorium, CUIMC • 3:30 p.m. - Genetic Counseling | VEC 201, CUIMC • 4:00 p.m. - Mailman School of Public Health | The Armory • 5:00 p.m. - Business School, MS | David Geffen Hall, Manhattanville Campus • Teachers College | United Palace Theatre

Wednesday, May 15 • 12:00 p.m. - Journalism School | Roone Arledge Auditorium, Lerner Hall • 2:00 p.m. - Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons | The Armory • 4:00 p.m. - Barnard College | Radio City Music Hall • 7:00 p.m. - School of the Arts | Roone Arledge Auditorium, Lerner Hall • Teachers College | United Palace Theatre

  • Columbia University


Natalie Duddridge is an award-winning journalist. She joined CBS2 News as a reporter in February 2018.

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ICAR AIEEA PG, AICE PhD 2024 correction window opens; here’s direct link

Candidates can make changes to their forms at till may 15, 2024..

ICAR AIEEA PG, AICE PhD 2024 correction window opens; here’s direct link

National Testing Agency ( NTA ) has commenced the application form correction process for the ICAR AIEEA (PG) and AICE JRF/SRF (Ph.D) 2024. Eligible candidates can make changes to their forms on the official website till May 15, 2024.

The computer based test (CBT) will be conducted on June 29, 2024. The exam will be held for a duration of 2 hours.

“The candidates are allowed to make the corrections, latest by 15 May 2024 (up to 11:50 P.M.). Thereafter, no correction in particulars, whatsoever, will be entertained by NTA under any circumstances. The additional fee (wherever applicable) shall be paid by the candidate concerned either through Credit/Debit Card/Net Banking/UPI,” reads the notification.

Here’s the official notification.

Steps to make changes to the form

  • Visit the official website
  • Click on the application correction window links
  • Login and make the necessary changes
  • Save the changes and submit the form
  • Download and take a printout for future reference

Direct link to ICAR AIEEA (PG) form correction.

Direct link to ICAR AICE JRF/SRF (Ph.D) 2024 form correction.

For more details, candidates are advised to visit the official website here .

  • NTA ICAR entrance exam 2024
  • ICAR AIEEA PG Form Correction
  • ICAR AIEEA PG Application Correction 2024
  • ICAR AICE PhD 2024 Correction Window

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  1. PhD Careers

    After completing a PhD, graduates might take up part-time teaching roles. The experience gained will make them more competitive candidates to apply for research or teaching fellowships and permanent lecture positions. Alternatively, PhD graduates looking to focus on research might apply for at least one post-doctoral position. Having completed ...

  2. What Next After PhD? Decoding Your Life After a PhD

    It is inevitable that your PhD will leave you with an array of skills that are transferable across different sectors. These could be technical skills that are domain-specific and, more importantly, broad skills such as project management, data analysis, and effective communication. Often, it takes a while after a PhD for students to acknowledge ...

  3. Life After a PhD: What Can You Do?

    In fact, the opposite is true - in completing your PhD, you'll have built a set of skills and knowledge that are highly sought after by many employers. Your CV will show that you're self-motivated, able to work well both within a team and individually, keep to deadlines and can present complex ideas. Highly educated, skilled people are in ...

  4. What to Do After Getting Your PhD: 5 Next Steps

    Step 2: Set your Goals. After taking a break, the first thing you need to do is figure out what your goals are. You employed a great deal of discipline to get to this point. Use that skill to determine how you want to move forward. Your doctoral degree is an asset, so try to maximize the return that you get.

  5. What To Do After You Get Your PhD: A Complete Guide

    Things to do after getting a PhD After getting a Ph.D., you have multiple options for what you can do next, including: Publishing Once you study and complete a Ph.D., you have expert knowledge in a focused portion of the field. As an expert, you can begin writing publications concerning the industry as an authority in the field.

  6. How to make the leap into industry after a PhD

    In 2021, Australia had nearly 185,000 PhD graduates, up from 135,000 in 2016. But the number of academic positions had shrunk — falling from 54,086 in 2016 to 46,971 in 2021. The trend is ...

  7. What to do after a PhD (Plus answers to other FAQs)

    As a PhD graduate, you're a specialist in your field. These are some of the sectors in which people with PhDs work: industry: working in private corporations. government: working in research or defence. entrepreneurship: setting up a business office to help clients. academia: teaching at the university level.

  8. After the PhD, What's Next?

    This is often an overwhelming question for freshly minted doctorates. After so many years of tedious laboratory work, your next step seems more crucial than ever. It could determine the direction in which your career heads! Frankly, fresh doctorates in Singapore today have many more choices than ever before. During my own time--I got my PhD a ...

  9. After a PhD

    Gain valuable insight from our collection of exclusive interviews with both current and past PhD students. Learn from their best advice, personal challenges and career path after completing their doctorate. Learn about life after a PhD, from employability statistics to career prospects. Learn the skills you'll gain and how to apply these to a ...

  10. What to Do After a PhD: Navigating the Post-PhD Landscape

    After completing your PhD, continuous professional development is key. Attend workshops, conferences, and training sessions to stay abreast of industry trends and build additional skills. Platforms offering courses in project management, leadership, and communication can enhance your skill set and broaden your career prospects. 8. Networking ...

  11. What to Do After PhD?

    Cons of Pursuing Postdoc. Despite the impressive benefits, considering the flip side of pursuing a postdoc position is imperative before taking the big decision. 1. No Tenure-track Guarantee. The uncertain career prospects in academia does not guarantee a tenure-track positioneven after completing your postdoc.

  12. Life After PhD: What Are Your Options?

    Personal Life After PhD. I deliberately put this section first. Mostly because, while pursuing a PhD, many people forget that they can have a personal life. Now that you've completed your PhD, it's time to consider what you want your life to look like. Unless you want it to look the same as it did during your PhD program, I recommend taking ...

  13. Career paths after a PhD

    This experience to create and use clear visualisations is useful for reporting, presenting and management. Time management: During the PhD, you learn to manage your time and prioritise tasks. You become capable of organising yourself and meeting deadlines. This is very useful for project management and supervising.

  14. Career opportunities after PhD: Tips for a successful job search

    Challenges with employment and career opportunities after PhD. The current academic job market has become increasingly competitive for PhD graduates, which has made it important for them to explore the available options and careers after PhD. PhD holders exceed the limited tenure positions and are often forced to move to non-academic positions ...

  15. How to Set Long-Term Career Plans After a PhD: 13 Actionable Tips

    4. Consider industry jobs after your PhD. When making your long-term career plans after a PhD, think about the industry you want to be in at the end and try to start out in that industry. You will be gaining industry experience as well as job experience, which will increase your chances of landing your dream job in the end. 5. Find an advisor ...

  16. Postdocs: The Definitive Guide

    After a PhD; Postdocs: The Definitive Guide ; As soon as you step outside the world of academia, the number of people who know what a postdoctorate is, what they involve and how to secure one quickly plummets. Given that a postdoctorate can be a popular option, especially for Science and Technology-related PhD graduates, it's essential to ...

  17. After a PhD what next?

    After a PhD what's next for you? After getting to the end of your PhD you really need to start thinking about your career options and where you want to go! U...

  18. Career paths after PhD: Opportunities and Considerations

    Career after PhD: Options and scope Postdoctoral Position: The postdoctoral position is a prevalent trajectory pursued by many PhD graduates as a natural progression beyond their doctoral studies.

  19. How Long Does It Take to Get a Ph.D. Degree?

    Kee says funding for a humanities Ph.D. program typically only lasts five years, even though it is uncommon for someone to obtain a Ph.D. degree in a humanities field within that time frame ...

  20. How Long Does It Take To Get a PhD?

    A PhD program typically takes four to seven years, but a variety of factors can impact that timeline. A PhD, or doctorate degree, is the highest degree you can earn in certain disciplines, such as psychology, engineering, education, and mathematics. As a result, it often takes longer to earn than it does for a bachelor's or master's degree.

  21. Does anyone have experience or thoughts on doing an MD after a PhD?

    At least in the US, the pressure to contribute to clinical practice as an MD seems to make it nearly impossible to get to do independently-driven research. It is much better to have major research experience pre-residency to match into a residency with protected research time. OP is asking about an MD after a PhD.

  22. Is it Worth Doing a PhD After a Master's?

    The decision to pursue a PhD after getting your Master's degree is a difficult one. A PhD is a huge undertaking emotionally, mentally, and financially. Considerations That Are True for Everyone Wanting to Do a PhD. It takes 3-4 years to complete, during which you are on a pretty basic stipend (OK, you're poor).

  23. Anyone get a PhD after their PharmD? : r/pharmacy

    I got a PhD after Pharm, did a postdoc and I'm starting my own lab. Let me put this into perspective. I don't want to come off negative, but I do want to bring you down to earth a little bit as I think you're romanticizing research. You will spend 5-6 years at abysmal pay doing a PhD.

  24. Teen earns doctoral degree at 17 after defending her dissertation

    A teenager from Chicago walked in her graduation ceremony this month after earning her doctoral degree at 17. Dr. Dorothy Jean Tillman II was only 10 when she became a freshman at the college of ...

  25. ASU scholar on leave after video of verbal attack on woman in hijab

    Arizona State scholar on leave after video of verbal attack on woman in hijab goes viral. Jonathan Yudelman, a research scholar at Arizona State University, called the woman an expletive at a pro ...

  26. A dance of entanglements

    A dance of entanglements. 14 May 2024. Graduation , Faculty of Creative Arts and Industries , Arts and culture. For most dancers, retirement is the first death. But PhD graduate Sarah Knox shows that life after working as a professional dancer can be just as rewarding, even transformational. Sarah Knox's doctoral journey was intertwined with ...

  27. Rutgers PhD student delivers dissertation hours after giving birth

    Rutgers PhD student, Tamiah Brevard-Rodriguez, gave birth to her son and then hours later defended her dissertation to a committee over Zoom. ... After working for a few hours and lying down to ...

  28. Christian Récher, MD, PhD

    After completing "Christian Récher, MD, PhD - Practical Considerations for FLT3 Inhibitors in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia: Optimising Our First-Line Approaches With Current and Novel Therapeutics", participants will be able to: Assess available safety and efficacy data from randomised clinical trials evaluating first- and next-generation FLT3 ...

  29. Columbia University graduation ceremonies begin Friday after main

    The university decided to cancel its main commencement after weeks of pro-Palestinian protests and turmoil on campus . ... • 8:00 a.m. - Business School, EMBA & PhD Candidates | Baker Athletics ...

  30. ICAR AIEEA PG, AICE PhD 2024 correction window opens; here's direct link

    National Testing Agency ( NTA) has commenced the application form correction process for the ICAR AIEEA (PG) and AICE JRF/SRF (Ph.D) 2024. Eligible candidates can make changes to their forms on ...